Figure 4. Expression profile of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell-specific melanopsin transcript over a single 24 h
period under distinct lighting conditions. A: In a 12 h light: 12 h dark cycle (LD) there was a rhythmic pattern with maximal expression close to “dawn” (night/day transition),
and a nadir 12 h later (n=3–6 per time point). B: Melanopsin expression profile was attenuated in constant dark (DD) and did not attain significance (n=6 per time point).
C: However, in constant light (LL) there was again a large phase shift, such that peak values now occurred in early night (CT15;
n=4 per time point). Illumination conditions are depicted as solid white (day) and solid grey (night) areas in LD, right hatched
(subjective day) and solid grey (subjective night) areas in constant dark (DD) and solid white (subjective day) and left hatched
(subjective night) areas in constant light (LL). Animals were killed every 3 or 4 h across the 24 h period, and RNA extracted
from retinal tissue. RNA expression levels were quantified by real time PCR. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and cosinor
levels of significance (PA and Pc respectively) are given in the upper right corner of each panel.