Figure 3. Gene suppression. A:
Zinc finger artificial transcription factors (ZF-ATF) use
suppressor transcription factors to silence gene transcription.
B: Zinc finger nucleases (ZFN) causes a double-stranded
break leading to correction of the mutation through
recombination. C: miRNA and shRNA degrade the endogenous
target transcript while sparing the introduced resistant mRNA
(hardened) with an altered sequence. D: Ribozymes
catalytically cleave the target transcript, but insertion of a
guanosine at the target site dramatically reduces cleavage of
the hardened target.