Figure 10. Effects of glucosamine (GlcN)
on the expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers, Hsp27,
Hsp70, Hsp90, Grp78, and CHOP-GADD. Human retinal pigment epithelial
cell line (ARPE-19) cells were treated with 5 mM GlcN, 30 mM glucose or
1 μm thapsigargin (TG), a pharmacological ER stress inducers as a
positive control, for 24 or 48 h. The expression of ER stress markers
in ARPE-19 cells was analyzed by western blot.