Figure 5. Analysis of entities regulated (known genes versus ncRNAs) and direction of regulation. A: Numbers of genes and ncRNAs regulated in seven comparisons among the experimental groups. SaffLD is the group given saffron
before light damage (LD). B: Effects of saffron and photobiomodulation (PBM) on the numbers of LD-induced expression changes of known genes and ncRNAs.
C: Direction of regulation of known genes by PBM and saffron when given as pretreatments to LD. D: Direction of regulation of ncRNAs by PBM and saffron when given as pretreatments to LD.